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Modelling and Validation of a Truck Cooling System

In the future, new challenges will occur during the product development in the vehicular industry when emission legislations getting tighter. This will also affect the truck cooling system and therefore increase needs for analysing the system at different levels of the product development.

Volvo 3P wishes for these reasons to examine the possibility to use AMESim as a future 1D analysis tool. This tool can be used as a complement to existing analysis methods at Volvo 3P. It should be possible to simulate pressure, flow and heat transfer both steady state and transient.

In this thesis work a cooling system of a FH31 MD13 520hp truck with an engine driven coolant pump is studied. Further a model of the cooling system is built in AMESim together with necessary auxiliary system such as oil circuits. The model is validated using experimental data that have been produced by Volvo 3P at the Gothenburg facility.

The results from validation and other simulations show that the model gives a good picture of the cooling system. It also gives information about pressure, flow and heat transfer in steady state conditions. Further a design modification is done, showing how a change affects the flow in the cooling system.

The conclusion is that a truck cooling system can be built and simulated in AMESim. Further, it shows that AMESim meets the requirements Volvo 3P in Gothenburg has set up for the future 1D analysis tool and thereby AMESim is a good complement to the already existing analysis method.
Source: Linköping University
Author: Nordlander, Erik

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